In California, most new construction or redevelopment projects necessitate city approval of a grading plan. Grade involves rearranging and/or adding earth material to change the level of an area to achieve desired results. Grading can also entail attempts to improve the soil’s stability or carrying capacity through remediation or rehabilitation. In the private sector, grading can be used to shape the soil such that stormwater runoff is directed away from an existing or future structure. To minimize excessive earthwork or drainage issues, a correct grading must be in harmony with the surrounding environment. As a result, building expenses may rise. A grading design includes new building pad levels, driveway and garden area slopes, hardscape slopes, and newly built walls. A cut-and-fill schematic and earthwork calculations are useful for city assessment and construction.